Federal Contractor Misconduct Database (FCMD)

The federal government routinely awards contracts to companies with histories of misconduct, including contract fraud and other violations. POGO believes that providing this website will help to improve contracting decisions and increase public knowledge of how the government spends billions of taxpayer dollars each year. Read more…

Harmful Exposure to Pesticides (Nicaragua)

“A $490 million judgment in favour of 466 plaintiffs in a consolidated matter that had once been nine individual cases was rendered in 2002 by a Nicaraguan court jointly against SOC [Shell Oil Company] and three other named defendants (not affiliated with SOC), based upon Nicaraguan Special Law 364 for claimed personal injuries resulting from alleged exposure to dibromochloropropane (DBCP), a pesticide manufactured by SOC prior to 1978. This special law imposes strict liability (in a predetermined amount) on international manufacturers of DBCPSOC was not afforded the opportunity to present any defenses in the Nicaraguan court, including that it was not subject to Nicaraguan jurisdiction because it had neither shipped nor sold DBCP to parties in Nicaragua. At this time, SOC has not completed the steps necessary to perfect an appeal in Nicaragua. As of December 31, 2005, we are aware of eight additional Nicaraguan judgments that have been entered in the collective amount of approximately $398.2 million in favor of 489 plaintiffs jointly against Shell Chemical Company and three other named defendants (not affiliated with Shell Chemical Company) under facts and circumstances almost identical to those relating to the judgment described above. Additional judgments are anticipated…SOC filed a declaratory judgment action seeking ultimate adjudication of the non-enforceability of the first Nicaraguan judgment in the United States District Court for the Central District of California. This district court granted summary judgment in favor of SOC, finding that the Nicaraguan court did not have jurisdiction to enter judgment against SOC and that the judgment is unenforceable in the US. The Nicaraguan plaintiffs did not appeal. It is the opinion of management of the Shell Group that Nicaraguan DBCP judgments are unenforceable in a US court.”

Misconduct Type
Enforcement Agency
Contracting Party
Court Type
Judgment Against Defendant
Date of Judgment
Contractors Involved Penalty
Royal Dutch Shell PLC Unknown
Further Information Released
SEC 10-K (pp. 216-217 of 311) 9/1/2006

Federal Contractor Misconduct Database